Articles Posted in Uncategorized

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After a healthy pregnancy, the parents of baby Earl Reese-Thornton, Jr. expected to leave North Shore Medical Center in Miami, Florida after the delivery of a healthy baby boy in December 2013. Instead they are facing the heartbreaking reality that all of their lives have been forever changed by a doctor’s incompetence during delivery. During the 90 minutes before Earl was finally born, Dr. Ata Atogho forced a vaginal delivery by administering pitocin (a labor inducing drug), despite the fact that his mother’s stalled labor was causing the baby distress and called for an emergency C-Section. Instead, Dr. Atogho left Earl’s mother, Marla Dixon, laboring while he delivered another baby and carried on a phone call with his investment advisor. When Earl was finally born, it was clear he had suffered brain damage from lack of oxygen and required resuscitation.

Falsifying Documents and Government Responsibility

Dr. Atogho documented in Ms. Dixon’s chart that he offered her a C-Section and that she refused. Ms. Dixon stated that Dr. Atogho had never mentioned the possibility of a C-Section and that she had even asked for one and was denied, a story which the labor and delivery nurse at Ms. Dixon’s beside corroborated.

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Kaiser Permanente has been in the news before for groundbreaking findings in the field of Autism research. In recent years, they’ve seemed to focus on causation for Autism Spectrum Disorder, also known as ASD. In the recent past, they’ve made headlines for studies showing that maternal hospital acquired infections can increase autism risk, that younger siblings of children with an ASD diagnosis are more likely to also have the condition, and that mothers with gestational diabetes are more likely to have a child with ASD. Their latest finding, released in January, has revealed a strong relationship between pregnancy and labor complications and an increased risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder.  The study was performed through analysis of records of 594,638 children that were born between 1991-2009 at a Kaiser Permanente hospital. Of the nearly 600,000 records examined, 37% of the children were born to mothers who experienced a complication at some point during pregnancy or labor itself. The study showed that children born to mothers who had labor complications had a 10% increased risk of developing an ASD.  The real finding lies in this: Of the children who were born to mothers who faced a pregnancy complication, the risk of developing ASD increased another 12%, or a 22% overall higher risk. If a child was exposed to complications during both pregnancy and labor, it jumped to a 44% increased risk.

What Was Considered a Pregnancy or Labor Complication?

The study authors noted that preeclampsia (primarily presents itself by elevated maternal blood pressure either during pregnancy and/or at the time of labor) and asphyxia (loss of fetal oxygen) were two birth complications that showed the strongest connection to an increased risk of ASD development in children. Other complications said to have a connection during pregnancy and labor were the position of the baby (breech), placental separation, a prolapsed/exposed umbilical /’cord and something known as fetal dystocia (larger baby or baby in an irregular position that causes difficult delivery).

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In January, researchers from the Université de Montréal released their findings from a study on the connection between antidepressant use in pregnancy and the risk of birth defects. The study examined 18,487 pregnant women with a diagnosis of depression, taken from a database of 289,688 recorded pregnancies between the years 1998 to 2009. 20% of the 18,487 women who identified themselves as depressed took antidepressants during the first trimester of pregnancy. The finding? Women who took antidepressants have an increased risk of delivering a baby with a birth defect.

The study found that use of antidepressants during the first trimester increases the risk of birth defects from 3 to 5% in women who did not take the drugs, to 6 to 10%. The study also examined the types of defects associated with specific antidepressants. The study found that Celexa was associated with a higher risk of major defects and Paxil with heart defects.

Medication Safety Guidelines During Pregnancy

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A birth injury is devastating to families and may require extensive and expensive medical treatment, rehabilitation, and care. When a birth injury is the result of medical malpractice it is caused by negligence on the part of the doctor or medical staff. Generally speaking, there are 3 main possible causes of malpractice injuries to newborns. Negligence may occur in the mistreatment of high-risk pregnancy, in the failure to properly treat fetal distress, or in the improper handling of an assisted birth.

Negligence during Pregnancy Treatment

Doctors must perform medical examinations, evaluations, and tests of the mother and fetus during the pregnancy. The failure to diagnose a significant medical condition that could be cause for complications or problems is likely considered medical malpractice. Pre-eclampsia is one of several common pregnancy complications that are treatable when diagnosed early and managed properly. If a mother’s physical condition is not adequately diagnosed and treated, the baby may suffer harm.

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Parents joyfully await the birth of their baby, planning for their new family addition. Unfortunately, there are some babies who are injured during the labor or delivery process. These injuries may range from minor to severe or even life-threatening. Mistakes made by doctors during pregnancy or labor could be to blame for many of these incidents. Some babies are at higher risk for the possibility of birth injuries than others.

Birth Injury Risks

There are a number of conditions that may increase the risk for a birth injury to occur. Some of the most common risks for birth injuries include:

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The birth of a child should be a joyous occasion. Sometimes, however, the celebration is marred when the infant sustains a serious birth injury. In one recent case, a mother filed a lawsuit in Cook County against a doctor and medical practice alleging neglect led to her son’s birth injury. According to the lawsuit, the doctor failed to provide proper care during labor and delivery which resulted in a brain injury. The woman is requesting a jury trial and damages of more than $50,000.

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy

Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, HIE, is a severe brain injury that can occur to newborns during labor or delivery. HIE limits the flow of oxygen to the brain resulting in a reduction of brain function and permanent disability. The extent of the damage depends on the length of time the infant was without oxygen. Almost one fourth of neonatal deaths are attributed to HIE.

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The birth of a child is one of the happiest days in the lives of parents. However, for some, the joy can be replaced by sadness and distress if the infant suffers a medical problem. Many parents wonder whether an injury was caused by a mistake made by the doctor or whether the injury was not preventable. There are distinctions between a birth defect and a birth injury.

Birth Defects

Birth defects are generally medical issues that were present in the womb and were not a result of mistakes made during labor or delivery. Some of the most common birth defects include:

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The birth of a child should be a joyful time for families. While most babies are born without complication, sometimes medical negligence causes injuries or even the death of a newborn. Lawyers at Levin & Perconti are representing the family of a baby that was stillborn. The family claims that the doctors were negligent by failing to diagnose a serious medical emergency in a timely manner. This resulted in the baby being stillborn. A lawsuit was filed in Cook County against several doctors and medical facilities.

Understanding Stillbirth

Stillbirth is the death and delivery of a baby who has died. A stillbirth differs from a miscarriage in that a miscarriage is the loss of a fetus which is less than 20 weeks into the pregnancy while a stillbirth is the death of an unborn baby who is beyond the 20th week of pregnancy.  About 1 of every 200 pregnancies results in a stillbirth. A stillbirth is usually caused by a problem or a trauma. Most couples can go on to have a healthy child in the future.

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Medical mistakes are never easy to deal with, but when they involve a newborn baby the situation is devastating. Parents are full of joy, expecting to bring home a beautiful new perfect infant. When a mistake at birth causes an injury, the parent’s joy quickly turns to misery. In one recent case, a baby and mother both suffered injuries due to alleged negligent care during labor and delivery. The mother filed a lawsuit in Cook County seeking damages against the doctors, hospital, and healthcare association involved in the error.

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy

The mother states in the lawsuit that both she and her newborn daughter sustained injuries during childbirth. The baby suffered from hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, HIE, a serious and potentially long-term injury. HIE is a brain injury that occurs when there is reduced blood flow to the baby’s brain. It is estimated that approximately 40 – 60% of infants born with HIE will die before the age of 2. Others may be left with severe disabilities. HIE happens to about 1 to 2 infants out of every 1,000 live births, not including underdeveloped countries.

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One of the most devastating things that can happen to a parent is to learn that their newborn baby was injured during labor or delivery. According to the CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, birth injuries happen to about 1 to 2 infants out of every 1,000 live births in the United States. There are many reasons why an injury may happen. One of the most common reasons is the use of devices to assist in the birth such as forceps and vacuum units.

Birth Injuries Caused by Forceps

Forceps are used to assist with difficult deliveries. The doctor may need to help pull the infant, which may be done with the help of forceps. When used properly, forceps are usually safe. However, they can cause injuries to the baby, especially if excess force is used. Some of the most common birth injuries which could be caused by forceps include: