Greater than one third of mothers who chose to undergo a repeat Caesarean section had their babies earlier than the medical guidelines recommend. The earlier a baby is born the more likely they are to experience a medical complication like respiratory distress. Although babies born by Caesarean section after just 37 weeks of pregnancy are considered full term, the study shows that they were twice as likely to suffer from complications as those who were born by Caesarean after 39 weeks. The complications included respiratory distress, infections, hypoglycemia, being admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, or being hospitalized for five or more days. The findings of the study reinforce the message that “every week counts” in a pregnancy. The study was funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. To read the full story, click here.